Electrical Safety in private rented homes
Understanding the law
Understanding electrical safety is of vital importance for landlords and letting agents. It helps to ensure you are compliant with the law, while keeping your tenants safe. After all, what could be more important!
To help you understand all the rules, we have drawn up this guidance in partnership with the National Association of Professional Inspectors and Testers (NAPIT). We are really grateful for their assistance and we hope you will find this useful.
This information covers the risks and requirements associated with electrical installations in privately rented homes in England. We will explain:
- Risks posed by fixed electrical installations and wiring in the home;
- Legislation that all landlords and letting agents should understand; and
- Best practice inspection and testing guidance recommended by industry experts.
Electrical safety – so what is the problem?
In England alone electric shocks account for around 688 A&E admissions in 2018/19 while in Great Britain electrical distribution systems account for around 9% of accidental domestic fires.
Faulty, incorrectly installed and poorly maintained electrical installations and wiring account for many of these incidents, resulting in significant property damage, injury and even fatalities.
All electrical systems are prone to damage and deterioration over time and any alterations and additions made may also introduce subtle faults that can go unnoticed for years, such as loose connections that can heat up to temperatures high enough to cause a fire.
It is therefore vital for landlords and letting agents to understand their legal responsibilities and ensure that appropriate inspection regimes are implemented in all privately rented homes.
What legislation applies?
Landlords must ensure every electrical installation in their residential premises is inspected and tested at intervals of no more than 5 years by a qualified and competent person.
In England, Under the Electrical Safety Standards in the Private Rented Sector (England) Regulations 2020, landlords are required to have the electrical installations in their properties inspected and tested, at least every five years, by a person who is qualified and competent. This applies to new tenancies from the 1st July 2020 and to all other tenancies from the 1st April 2021.
For detailed Guidance on these Regulations, please click here.
Housing Act 2004, Part 1
The housing, health and safety rating system (HHSRS) includes an enforcement regime for tackling 29 hazards in residential accommodation, one of which is electrical hazards.
If the local council find a serious electrical hazard, they can serve a Hazard Awareness Notice, Improvement Notice, Prohibition Order or take Emergency Remedial Action. The landlord can also be charged a fee of several hundred pounds when a legal notice is served. This is an addition to the more specific powers available under the 2020 electrical safety regulations.
Part P of the Building Regulations 2010
The Building Regulations 2010 set requirements for a wide variety of building work and derive their legal force from the Building Act 1984. The part of these regulations that deals with electrical safety is referred to as Part P and the detail of how to comply with it is set out in Approved Document P.
Part P of the Building Regulations 2010 simply states that:
“Reasonable provision shall be made in the design and installation of electrical work in order to protect persons operating, maintaining or altering them from fire or injury.”
Approved Document P elaborates on this. In simple terms, what it means for landlords and letting agents in England and Wales is that if a new circuit or fuse box (consumer unit) is installed or an addition or alteration is made to existing circuits in a room containing a bath and/or shower, you should ensure you receive a Building Regulations Compliance Certificate (also known as a Part P Certificate) from the installer responsible for carrying out the work.
NAPIT released a new document in early 2017 called an Electrical Installation Safety Record Summary (EISRS). The EISRS acts as a simple one-page document which provides clear and concise information regarding the outcome of an EICR and defines what further actions need to be taken. Customers are also able to use it to demonstrate that they have carried out any rectification works highlighted by the EICR on their property. The document is available to all NAPIT members, and it is hoped that it will promote a greater number of electrical inspections and make the process easier for customers and inspectors.
In addition, you can also make simple visual checks to demonstrate that you have done all you can to meet your duty of care to your tenants.
These should be carried out annually so as to pick up any hazards that may develop between the professional inspections you schedule. Visual checks should also be carried out between tenancies although a more thorough EICR may be more appropriate.
The key areas you should check include:
- Metering equipment (your electricity meter, service cut-out fuse and isolator): This is the point at which high voltage current enters your property. It should be kept free of clutter and checked for signs of damage and overheating
- Consumer unit (fuse box): This controls the supply of electricity to circuits throughout the property and should contain a miniature circuit-breaker for each one. You should ensure none are missing and that all are correctly labelled. You should also check this area for signs of overheating or damage
- Residual Current Device (RCD): This is usually part of the consumer unit and sits alongside the circuit breakers. It is designed to turn off the electricity when abnormal current fluctuations are detected. The test button should be operated quarterly to ensure it is in proper working order
- Fixtures and Fittings (including accessories such as socket outlets, light fittings and associated switches): These should be checked for signs of damage or overheating
What does this mean for me?
It is vital for landlords and letting agents to understand their legal responsibilities around electrical installations and ensure that appropriate inspection regimes are implemented in all privately rented premises.
This information has been provided by NAPIT (the National Association of Professional Inspectors and Testers), in partnership with London Property Licensing. Last updated in January 2021.
Further information and useful links include:
Link to a helpful Home Safety Certificate, Visual Electrical Checklist and supporting guidance that provides detailed information on completing these safety checks. The documents are designed to help ensure that all legally required and industry recommended checks are carried out to best ensure tenant safety and assist landlords and letting agents.
Link to the Electrical Safety Roundtable (ESR) website for more information on electrical safety in the home.